CBD (Cannabidiol) Versus Marijuana?
Hemp & Marijuana come from the same plant species, Cannabis Sativa L., but are genetically different and are even more distinguishable by use, chemical content, and cultivation techniques. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of at least 85 to over 100 active Cannabinoids identified in Cannabis so far. Cannabinoids are still being researched so the number greatly varies depending how recent the information is. The Cannabinoid molecules that have the highest concentration in Cannabis are CBD and THC. Essentially, Hemp is the fiber from the stalks, stems and sterile seeds. It is also called Industrial Hemp (less than 1% THC). Marijuana is from the leaves, flowers and seeds that are able to germinate. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural constituent of hemp oil and by nature has a very low level of THC. Marijuana has a higher level of THC. From Wikipedia: Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp are both members of the species Cannabis Sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique biochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects. Psychoactive effects are typically associated with THC. Our CBD is from Industrial Hemp and is legal in all 50 states.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major phytocannabinoid and up to 40% of the Cannabis Sativaʼs extract. CBD has shown to have a potentially wide range of medical applications without side effects, particularly a lack of psychoactivity (as is typically associated with THC and is not a good choice for recreational users). Cannabidiol has altered the view of Cannabis in a wonderful way. Research has known about CBD just as long as THC. But recently, CBD has become very popular in the medical Cannabis field of study due to its effectiveness against diseases and pain without the “high” psychoactive effects of THC. We cannot tell you about all the benefits of CBD because FDA regulations keep us from making claims about health related claims or the many health benefits in relation to our customers taking our products, but there is plenty of information on the internet related to Cannabidiol Health. Cannabidiols have been shown support by Dr. Oz, Dr. Bonni Goldstein, Dr. Richard Besser and Sanjay Gupta, MD publically — These and others may also be researched.
There are many discoveries about Cannabidiols. The endocannabinoid system within the human body is one of them. Peopleʼs bodies make their own cannabinoids called endocannabinoids because they are produced internally. Our Bodies have two types of receptor sites on cells of the brain, internal organs and digestive tract that make up the endocannabinoid system. One is called CB1 and the other is called CB2. The receptors referred to as CB1 are found mainly in the nervous system, connective tissues, glands, and organs. Alternately, CB2 receptors are primarily found in the immune system and the structures associated with immune function. These receptors send signals to produce an acid reducing protein, a process that causes a reduction of inflammation and pain. CBD signals the body to activate the naturally occurring endocannabinoid system. Our endocannabinoid system helps the body maintain stability and health. Fortunately, nature gave us Cannabis and other plants that produce cannabinoids that work well with our receptors. These plant cannabinoids are called phytocannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are merely one of the Cannabis plantʼs active ingredients. Phytocannabinoids or plant based cannabinoids, such as CBD can assist the bodyʼs health and wellness. Other plant compounds known as terpenes and flavonoids also direct Cannabis to work with your endocannabinoid system. However, phytocannabinoids are the main ingredient of medicinal effects. These cannabinoid receptor sites are active throughout our entire bodies to keep us healthy.
Aromatic plants or herbs produce terpenes that often possess smells and flavors we find pleasant. These type of plants have been used through the ages for medicine and for perfumes or cooking. Each plant has their own blend of terpenes and their own flavor or smell due to the mix or number and combinations of terpenes. Many plants will only have a few or around 10 or 20 terpenes present to give its aroma and tastes. Terpenes produced by the plant classifications of Cannabis give us over 200 different recognized terpenes. Terpenes help give Hemp the diversity of available medical applications. And, each strain of Cannabis has unique terpene personalities and amounts of terpenes. Terpenes also have greater combined effect when consumed with cannabinoids (especially CBD). If processing of CBD oil is not correctly done, many cannabis concentrates lose or lessen their terpene content. Terpenes play a significant part in the success of CBD as a medication. The terpenesʼ oily compound secreted from the Cannabis plant (resin) contains both the cannabinoids and terpenes. Both are important to the plantʼs effectiveness.
Flavonoids also help with the effectiveness of CBD. They are phytonutrients known for providing color pigments in plants. Flavonoids combine with each other and other cannabis phytonutrients to enact the discouraging abilities of the plant to ward off fungi and pests. When we consume cannabis, those same flavonoids contribute to the color, taste, and smell combining to produce an overall sensory experience. While contributing a wide variety of health benefits to the cannabis plant itself, flavonoids have a great reputation among the wellness community for providing a range of health benefits. Flavonoids are one of the largest nutrient families known with over 6,000 unique flavonoids. Many of these flavonoids are found in edible plants. We eat such plants everyday, like vegetables, fruits, and herbs. Cannabis can be a flavonoidrich resource, like broccoli. In addition to their contribution to cannabis plant development and the human sensory encounters, just like the flavonoids in our food, there are innumerable benefits to be gained from their ingestion. Research will most likely discover more benefits.
Unlike other alkaloids, Cannabinoid alkaloids are different in that they are fat soluble. That means Cannabis alkaloids are absorbed in fat globules that travel through the lymphatic system of the small intestines and into the general blood circulation within the body are then stored in body tissues. Cannabinoids not only balance one another, cannabis has a multitude of other substances that work together to produce other health benefits and reduce harmful side-effects, and this includes alkaloids.
Cannabinoid benefits make cannabis one of the most remarkable plants
available. Further research is sure to find many more health answers.
Below please find some enlightening links about Cannabis & health.
- Cancer – http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/cam/hp/cannabis-pdq
- Glaucoma – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1772142/
- Auto-immune conditions, such as fibromyalgia and lupus http://www.jbc.org/content/early/2013/11/07/jbc.M113.503037.abstract?sid=7da5b2a0-9940-4ea3-90b4-eed1d9107a51
- Arthritis – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16282192
- Chronic pain – http://www.nap.edu/read/6376/chapter/1
- Anxiety – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20829306
- Depression – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24923339
- Hypertension – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2756479/?tool=pmcentrez
- Diabetes – http://www.naturalmedicinejournal.com/journal/2014-05/marijuana-management-diabetes